Ficus religiosa is a large dry seasondeciduous or semievergreen tree up to 30 metres 98 ft tall and with a trunk diameter of up to 3 metres 9. The traditional medicine involves the use of different plant extracts of bioactive constituents. A large number of studies dealing with the microbial assay which measures the activity of antibiotics that is the extent of ability to inhibit the growth of microorganism have been done and. Studies on phytochemical analysis, antioxidant and. Antibacterial activity of crude ethanolic extract and solvent. The antimicrobial activity of methanol and diethyl ether. The antibacterial activities of extracts were compared with standard antibiotics. The leaves are used for skin diseases, anti venom activity. Invitro antimicrobial activity and phytochemical analysis. Pdf phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activity.
Antibacterial activity of ficus benghalensis banyan fruit extract against difffrent bacteria s. Antibacterial and antifungal approaches of ficus racemosa. Ficus religiosa, commonly known as peepal, is the most popular member of the genus ficus and it is known by more than 150 names. The aqueous extract of ficus religiosa at the concentration of 50mgml showed the highest inhibition zone as 1. In vitro antimicrobial activity of ethyl acetate extract.
The aqueous and the aqueous and methanolic solvent extract was used to screen the secondary metabolites and test the antimicrobial effect of extract on li. Introduction the genus ficus moraceae is represented by 800 species and 2000 varieties throughout the world, among them fortyeight species of ficus are found in nepal 1, those are widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions 2. The bioactive ingredients and their potential to treat various diseases of many indian medical plants. The presentin vitro study was designed to assess the antimicrobial activity of three commonly available medicinal plants glycyrrhiza glabra, ficus religiosa, and plantago major on inhibiting primary plaque colonizers and periodontal pathogens. In vitro antimicrobial activity of leaves and bark extracts of ficus religiosa linn. Antidiabetic effect of ficus religiosa extract in streptozotocininduced diabetic rats. Bark astringent, cooling, aphrodisiac, antibacterial against staphylococcus aureus and escherichia coli, gonorrhoea, diarrhoea, dysentery, haemorrhoids and. Ficus religiosa colin doherty university of minnesota. Ficus religiosa showed antibacterial activity against primary plaque colonizers at 48 h with mean zone of inhibition of 2. Latexes ofthevetia species, ficus glomulurata, ficus carica and ficus bengalensisdid not show antibacterial activity in both the. The zone of inhibition was observed in the range of 8 0. Phytochemistry and pharmacological properties of f icus.
Antiparkinson activity of petroleum ether extract of. These findings suggest a new pathway in elucidating a potential antibacterial agent from ficus religiosa. Evaluation of antimicrobial activity and minimum inhibitory. Medicinal plants represent a rich source of antimicrobial agents. Invitro antimicrobial activity and phytochemical analysis of. Preliminary in vitro screening of the antibacterial. The methanolic and dmso extracts of various plant parts viz. Remarkable progress in the field of antibacterial herbal therapy has been made in recent decades in response to the development of drugresistant pathogens in aquaculture. The bark is used as an antiprotozoal, antiviral, astringent, and antibacterial. Collection of ficus religiosa ficus religiosa leaves were collected from garden in baghdad university, iraq, during the period november 2016.
Antibacterial activity of ficus benghalensis banyan. Presently there is an increasing interest worldwide in herbal plants pharmacological properties primerly due to advancement in scientific methods. Preliminary phytochemical screening and hptlc fingerprinting. Antibacterial activity of ficus benghalensis banyan fruit. But comparatively bark extracts of both the solvents were showed less antimicrobial activity than leaves extracts on the tested microbes. Antimicrobial activities and phytochemical composition of. The main goal of this study was to determine in vitro antimicrobial activity of ethanolic extracts obtained from the leaves of various ficus species against aeromonas hydrophila isolated locally from infected rainbow trout oncorhynchus mykiss walbaum with the aim of providing scientific rationale for the use of the plant in the treatment. The present study was aimed to screen invitro antibacterial and antifungal activity against ten potentially pathogenic. References to ficus religiosa are found in several ancient. Jay kambli 1, ashwini patil, chithrashree 2, and rohini keshava 3 1department of biotechnology, acharyas bangalore bschool, bangalore, karnataka, india, 560 091, 2biocontrol research laboratory, department. Anticancer activity of ficus religiosa engineered copper. Various methods are tried to standardize the extraction of antimicrobial activity.
The antibacterial activity of ethanolic extracts of medicinal plants against selected skin pathogens ethanolic extract concentration zone of inhibition mm mgml streptococcus proteus sp. Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activity of ficus. Assessments of total flavonoids, antioxidant and antibacterial activity of ficus religiosa methanolic extract in vitro. Scholars research library evaluation of antibacterial. These extracts showed an elevated level of antibacterial activity and reduced antifungal activity. From ancient times, plants with medicinal values are being tested and used in treatment of various infectious disease. The fruit exhibited significant inhibition when compared with leaf. The antibacterial activity of 16 plant latexes was screened. Escherichia pyogenes coli psidium guajava 10 17 16 12 7. The extract can be used in development of formulation against e.
Methanolic extract of latex showed significant antibacterial activity against both the. The plant ficus religiosais used traditionally as antiulcer, anti diabetes, inflammatory disorder, gastric problems, and treatment of gonorrhoea, skin diseases and infectious diseases. The various solvents extract like aqueous, methanol, chloroform, petroleum ether and hexane were screened for antibacterial activity against enterotoxigenic e. Ficus racemosa, antioxidant activity, antibacterial activity, cytotoxic activity, dpph, abts, xttassay. Photochemical studies on ficus religiosa and ocimum. Ficus racemosa also called as ficus glomerata roxb. Antibacterial activity of crude ethanolic extract and. Evaluation of antidiabetic activity of leaves and fruits of. The study showed the inhibition is concentration dependent. International journal of engineering research and general.
The methanolic extract of figs of ficus religiosa had anticonvulsant activity 10. Screeening for phytochemicals and antimicrobial activity. This is the unique source of various types of compounds having diverse chemical structure. Antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles synthesized. India abstract the ethanolic extracts of the leaves and fruits of ficus religiosa linn. The leaves are cordate in shape with a distinctive extended drip tip. Review on ethanomedicinal and pharmacological properties. Ficus religiosa and formulation of value added product hard candy isha verma, rajinder k gupta abstract the present study deals with the nutritional, phytochemical, antioxidant and antibacterial activity of dried fruit of sacred figs ficus religiosa linn, commonly known as peepal or bo tree, which belongs to. Popularly known as the audumbar, cluster fig tree, indian fig tree or goolar gular. Different parts of plant shows antibacterial, antitussive, anthelmintic, antidiarrhoeal, anticancer, antiinflammatory activities etc. Preliminary results of antibacterial activity supported the traditional use of ficus in folk medicine.
Ficus religiosa is a bo or peepal tree locally available in india where it grows up to 5,000ft. Ficus septica,19 ficus sycomorus, ficus benjamina, ficus religiosa,20 ficus racemosa,21 ficus pumila,22 ficus vasta,23 ficus thonningii 24 and ficus capensis 25 was found to be reported to have antimicrobial activity. The leaves and stem bark of ficus capensis were investigated for antibacterial activity against some selected organisms at a concentration of 2000. Rajendraninvitro antimicrobial activity and phytochemical analysis of ficus religiosa l. In the present study, we evaluated antiparkinsons activity of petroleum ether extract of ficus religiosa pefre leaves in haloperidol and 6 hydroxydopamine 6ohda induced experimental animal models. Antibacterial activity of different parts of ficus microcarpa l. In ayurveda it is claimed that ficus religiosa possesses anticonvulsant activity. Luria broth dilution assay was also used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration of plant extracts. Ficus religiosa has got mythological, religious and medicinal importance in indian culture. The present paper describes the invitro antibacterial activity of banyan ficus benghalensis fruit on the basis of inhibition zone. Phytochemical and antimicrobial studies of ficus religiosa.
Composition and bioactivities of the leaf essential oil of. Studies have focused on the in vitro antimicrobial activity screening of ethanolic extracts of various plants belonging to the genus ficus. Silver nanoparticles, ficus religiosa, uvvisible spectroscopy, xrd, ftir, sem. Preliminary phytochemical screening and hptlc fingerprinting of fruits of. Antibacterial activity of ficus capensis request pdf. Antibacterial activity of plant extracts 247 brazilian journal of microbiology 2000 31. Antibacterial activity of synthesized silver nanoparticles. Ficus glomulurata, ficus carica, carica papaya, ficus bengalensis, ficus religiosa, ficus elastica, ipomia pistula, ervatamia species, cryptostegia grandiflora,and synadenium grantii against three different strains namelyp. Ficus microcarpa leaf extract antibacterial activity the anti bacterial activity was done on human pathogenic bacillus cereus, escherchia coli, klebsiella pneumonia, staphylococcus aureus by the standard disc diffusion method. Family moraceae were screened for cytotoxicity and antibacterial activity as well as for some important phytochemical groups. Ficus religiosa linn moraceae commonly known as peepal tree is a large widely branched tree with leathery, heart. Petroleum ether and hexane extracts did not show any activity.
This was confirmed either by optical density or zone of inhibition measurements. Antibacterial and antioxidant activity of plant latex. Review on ethanomedicinal and pharmacological properties of. Sheetal choudhary 1, anupam kumar pathak, sonali khare and sarita kushwah department of pharmacy, barkatullah university, bhopal, m. Ficus is a huge tropical deciduous or evergreen tree with more than 800 species. Pdf phytochemical, cytotoxic and antibacterial activity. Phytochemical analysis revealed alkaloids, flavonoids, phenols that contributed for higher antioxidant and antibacterial activity. Introduction india is known for its rich diversity of medicinal plants and hence called botanical garden of the world 1. The leaves of ficus religiosa was studied for invitro phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activity.
Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activity of. Ficus benghalensis, ficus religiosa, ficus recemosa are important ingredients in many siddha, ayurveda and traditional. The acetone, methanol, ethylacetate extracts of ficus benghalensis, ficus religiosa, ficus recemosa were evaluated for antibacterial activity against medically important bacteria pseudomonas aeruginosa, escherichia coli, proteus vulgaris, bacillus subtilis, staphylococcus aureus. Pdf in vitro antimicrobial activity of leaves and bark. To investigate the antimicrobial properties of ficus pseudopalma f. The present study deals with antibacterial activity of leaf and fruit parts of ficus racemosa plant. Antimicrobial efficacy of three medicinal plants glycyrrhiza. In vitro antimicrobial activity of ethyl acetate extract of. Ficus religiosa, peepal, essential oil composition, nepal. Phytochemical, cytotoxic and antibacterial activity of two. Ficus benghalensis used in ayurveda for treatment of diarrhea, piles, teeth and skin disorders.
The presentin vitro study was designed to assess the antimicrobial activity of three commonly available medicinal plants glycyrrhiza glabra, ficus religiosa, and plantago major on inhibiting primary plaque colonizers. To determine the mosquitocidal activity of ficus religiosa leaf extracts was tested against three mosquitoes. The botanical classification of ficus religiosa modified from chandrasekar et al. The antimicrobial activity of the aqueous extract of bark leaf, stem, fruit of ficus religiosa was determined by disc diffusion method against escherichia coli, enterobacter aerogenes, pseudomonas. In vitro antimicrobial activity of ethanolic extracts. But methanol extract of rest of the 9 plant latexes did not show activity againste. The antibacterial activity of various extracts of the latex of ficus palmata forsk. The leaves and young shoots together are purgative strong laxative. Introduction ficus is a genus of about 800 species and 2000 varieties of woody trees, shrubs and vines in the family moraceae occurring in most tropical and sub.
Antiparkinson activity of petroleum ether extract of ficus. Screening the published work with potential antimicrobial activity of ficus species is initially the first choice of investigation for further study. In this study, effects of ficus religiosa 100, 200, and 400 mgkg, p. Copper oxide nanoparticles have been synthesized using ficus religiosa leaf extract and they showed anticancer activity against a549 human lung cancer cells sankar et al. The aqueous and ethanol extracts 70% of ficus religiosa is very sensitive to helicobacter pylori at 500. Ficus religiosa linn is a large evergreen tree found throughout india, wild as well as cultivated. Introduction synthesis of nanoparticles are evolving into an important branch of nanotechnology 12 due to their diverse properties like catalysis, magnetic and optical polarity, electrical conductivity, antimicrobial activity and surface. Ethanol extract of the euphorbia geniculata plant latex had shown almost 93. International journal of engineering research and general sciencevolume 2, issue 5, august september 2014 issn 20912730 149.
A summary of certain screening studies related to the antimicrobial activity of ficus species is presented in table 1. Ficus benghalensis exhibit antitumor activity and antibacterial activity, but no antifungal activity 27. Therapeutic properties of ficus regligiosa shailja singh1, shalini jaiswal1. The extracts with the highest antibacterial effectiveness were chosen for subsequent use in pharmaceutical formulations. Traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of ficus.
Jun 10, 2019 ficus religiosa useful tropical plants. Evaluation of antibacterial potential of ficus species. Research article assessments of total flavonoids, anti. Evaluation of antidiabetic activity of leaves and fruits of ficus religiosa linn. It was found that methanol extraction of two plants that is ficus religiosa and ficus benghalensis showed high antimicrobial activity than the aqueous. Even in one language, the tree is referred to in multiple ways across the world. Recent antimicrobial and pharmacological studies in ficus.
The similar findings has been suggested by uma et al, 2009 on ficus religiosa l. Formulation of production schedules for wild, nondomesticated species. Article pdf available in international research journal of pharmacy 39. The aqueous, methanol and chloroform extracts of the leaves of ficus religiosa were evaluated for their antibacterial and antitumor activities. Silver nanoparticles of extracts showed improved antibacterial activity on all the tested strains than for the extracts alone. Different parts of ficus religiosa showed cholinesterase inhibitory activity and antianxiety activity. Pdf phytochemical, cytotoxic and antibacterial activity of. Bacteria from wounds of diabetic patients were isolated and identified as staphylococcus spp. Cynodon dactylonis a traditional medicine in india. Many of the natural products in plants of medicinal value offer us new sources of drugs. The locally available plants like ficus religiosa and ficus bengalensis have the capability to cure diseases traditionally since long years, due to this reasons these two plants were selected for the study.715 905 391 262 1242 851 1576 726 496 954 1175 1538 885 1470 1501 641 273 890 1029 418 905 1264 797 83 1008 39 1080 636 454 878 503 170 583